Land Survey Maps of China: A Cartographic Database (1903-1948)
This cartographic database provides digitized land survey maps of China produced in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. From the last decades of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) to the end of the Republican era (1912-1949), China’s central and provincial governments and the Land Survey Department of the Japanese Army conducted geographical surveys across China and produced maps that contain detailed information on topographical and administrative features. Over 4,000 of these land survey maps of China were compiled and published by the Japanese publisher Kagaku Shoin between 1986 and 1998. With the support of Kagaku Shoin, the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (MPIWG) and the Department of History, Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) have jointly curated, digitized, and georeferenced the published maps and have created a unique open-access cartographic database that allows users to seamlessly incorporate historical maps into any GIS mapping software. We have also included maps that have been digitized and georeferenced by Academia Sinica in Taiwan.
This database brings together all historical land survey maps of China that are currently accessible and allows users to cross-reference them on a single web-based user interface. Users can export map layers to desktop- or web-based GIS tools by using WMTS (Web Map Tile Service) URLs. For instructions on how to export map layers, please follow this link. Users are welcome to use the maps provided in this database for research purposes under the CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license. Creative Commons License

Sources:

  1. Chūgoku tairiku gomanbun no ichi chizu shūsei 中国大陸五万分の一地図集成 (Collection of 1:50,000 maps of China). 8 vols. Tokyo: Kagaku Shoin, 1986-1998. (MPIWG Dataset: 1885-1945, 1:50,000) Between 1986 and 1998, Kagaku Shoin published 4,088 land survey maps of China held in archives in Japan and the United States. This collection contains maps of nineteen provinces: Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hainan, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shanxi, Zhejiang, Anhui, Henan, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, and Sichuan.
  2. Center for GIS, Research Center for Humanities and Social Sciences, Academia Sinica: Academia Sinica holds approximately 2,000 land survey maps of China produced in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a portion of which has been digitized and made publicly available via WMTS. Maps of seven provinces (Anhui, Fujian, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Shandong, and Zhejiang) are included in this database for reference purposes.
Citation:
APA: The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, The Department of History of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Land Survey Maps of China: A Cartographic Database (MPIWG Dataset: 1885-1945, 1:50,000), The General Administration of Land Surveys. https://chmap.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de. Published 2019.
Chicago: The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, The Department of History of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Land Survey Maps of China: A Cartographic Database (MPIWG Dataset: 1885-1945, 1:50,000), The General Administration of Land Surveys. https://chmap.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de.
MLA: The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, The Department of History of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Land Survey Maps of China: A Cartographic Database (MPIWG Dataset: 1885-1945, 1:50,000), The General Administration of Land Surveys, 2019, https://chmap.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de.

The third-party Applications:

  1. How to use these layers in QGIS or ArcGIS by WMTS.
  2. How to use these layers in Palladio
  3. Watch a demo video on Youtube

Web site insturctions:
As each layer covers a province, clicking on a province name would generate a public WMTS URL that enables data use.

You can use place name search to find your locations by using Chinese or Pingyin.

This scale control let you zoom in/out maps. The opacity slider let you set the opacity of the overlayer.

You can look for coordinates by draging the blue map marker.